1 declare invalid; "The contract was annulled"; "void a plea" [syn: invalidate, annul, quash, void, avoid] [ant: validate]
3 make ineffective by counterbalancing the effect of; "Her optimism neutralizes his gloom"; "This action will negate the effect of my efforts" [syn: neutralize, neutralise, negate] [also: nullified]
The process of nullification may refer to:
- Declaring a law to be unconstitutional and have the chance to be nullified or invalidated
- Declaring a law to be null or void in a jurisdiction, or refusing to enforce a law.
- The legal theory that a U.S. State has the right to nullify, or invalidate, any federal law which that state has deemed unconstitutional.
- Jury nullification, a legal term that refers to a jury's right to deliver a verdict in contradiction to written law.
- Body nullification, the practice of removing body parts.
- Physical nullification, a hypothesized process which results when ordinary mass/energy encounters "negative" mass/energy. Not to be confused with annihilation which involves anti-matter.
Nullification and attempts at nullification in the US
- The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions nullified the Alien and Sedition Acts in Kentucky and Virginia.
- The Hartford Convention, in which New England Federalists nullified Thomas Jefferson's embargo and even considered secession from the United States of America.
- The Nullification Crisis in the United States of America, in which South Carolina passed legislation legalizing its invalidation of objectionable federal laws.
- Georgia's nullification of the Treaty of Hopewell, a treaty made by the US government with the Cherokee Nation. Georgia confiscated Cherokee land and improvements, violating the treaty.
- Refusal by Arkansas to enforce the US Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education 1954 school desegregation ruling.
- Perhaps the most notable current example is the nullification of US drug prohibition law by over a dozen states which have legalized medical marijuana.
- Arcata, California was the first city to pass an ordinance that bars city employees (including police and librarians) from assisting or cooperating with any federal investigations under the PATRIOT Act that would violate civil liberties. Other cities and localities have acted similarly.
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